Year 2015 is coming to an end and it leaves behind all the big memories of various happenings that took place this year.
The year 2015 had more than its share of bad news like terror attacks, ongoing war in Syria and the natural disasters, but it also saw groundbreaking victories on climate, technology, marriage equality & drug war.
So before we bid farewell to year 2015, lets check out biggest moments that ruled this years headlines :
ICC Cricket World Cup 2015
- The 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 11th Cricket World Cup, jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand from 14 February to 29 March 2015.
- Fourteen teams played 49 matches in 14 venues, with Australia staging 26 games while New Zealand hosted 23.
- India were the defending champions, having won the tournament in 2011.
- Tickets for the Pool B match between India and Pakistan, played on 15 February 2015, reportedly sold out within 12 minutes of going on sale.
- The final match of the tournament took place at the Melbourne Cricket Ground between co-hosts New Zealand and Australia in front of a record crowd of 93,013.
- Australia defeated New Zealand by 7 wickets to win their fifth ICC Cricket World Cup .
- The average attendance throughout the tournament was 21,175.
- Nepal earthquake also known as the ‘Gorkha earthquake’, killed over 9,000 people and injured more than 23,000.
- It occurred on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8Mw or 8.1Ms and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of IX (Violent).
- Its epicenter was east of the district of Lamjung, and its hypo-center was at a depth of approximately 8.2 km (5.1 mi).
- It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake.
- The earthquake triggered an avalanche on Mount Everest, killing at least 19 making April 25, 2015 the deadliest day on the mountain in history.
- A major aftershock occurred on 12 May 2015 with a moment magnitude of 7.3.
- The epicenter was near the Chinese border between the capital of Kathmandu and Mt. Everest. More than 200 people were killed and more than 2,500 were injured by this aftershock.
International Yoga Day
- World greeted the first International Yoga Day or Antarāṣṭrīya Yog Divas on June 21, 2015.
- It was declared to be internationally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on December 11, 2014.
- Yoga is a physical, mental, and spiritual practice or discipline that originated in India.
- The Indian Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi , in his UN Address suggested the date of June 21, as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares special significance in many parts of the world.
European migrant crisis
- European refugee crisis began in 2015, when a rising number of refugees and migrants began to make the journey to the European Union to seek asylum, traveling across the Mediterranean Sea, or through Southeast Europe.
- They come from areas such as the Middle East, Africa, South Asia and the Western Balkans.
- Moreover, Five boats carrying almost 2,000 migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with a combined death toll estimated at more than 1,200 people.
- The terrible incident shocked the whole world.
Iran nuclear deal
- The Iran nuclear deal framework was a preliminary framework agreement reached in 2015 between the Islamic Republic of Iran and a group of world powers: the P5+1 (the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council–the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, France, and China plus Germany), plus the European Union.
- Negotiations for a framework deal over the nuclear program of Iran took place between the foreign ministers of the countries at a series of meetings held from 26 March to 2 April , Year 2015 in Lausanne, Switzerland.
- The framework deal was embodied in a document published by the EU’s European External Action Service titled Joint Statement by EU High Representative Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif Switzerland.
- Document published by the U.S. Department of State titled Parameters for a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action Regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program.
2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup
- The 2015 FIFA Women’s World Cup was the seventh FIFA Women’s World Cup, the quadrennial international women’s football world championship tournament.
- Canada hosted the event making it the first time for the country to host the tournament and the third time it has been held in North America.
- Matches were played in six cities across Canada in five time zones.
- The tournament began on 6 June 2015, and finished with the finals on 5 July 2015 with a United States victory over Japan.
Water on Mars
- Recently in September, NASA scientists discovered water flowing across the surface of Mars.
- This was a massive breakthrough in both the search for life beyond Earth and human hopes to one day to travel there.
- Water on Mars exists today almost entirely as ice, though it also exists in small quantities as vapour in the atmosphere and occasionally as low-volume liquid brines in shallow Martian soil.
- On October 8, 2015, NASA confirmed that lakes and streams existed in Gale crater 3.3 – 3.8 billion years ago.
November 2015 Paris attacks
- On the evening of 13 November 2015, a series of coordinated terrorist attacks occurred in Paris and its northern suburb, Saint-Denis.
- Around 21:20 CET, three suicide bombers struck near the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, followed by suicide bombings and mass shootings at cafés, restaurants, and a concert hall in Paris.
- The attackers killed 130 people including 89 at the Bataclan theatre where they took hostages before engaging in a stand-off with police.
- There were 368 people who were wounded and 80–99 were reported to be in critical condition.
- Seven of the attackers also died, while authorities continued to search for accomplices.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attacks.
- State of emergency was declared and various raids were conducted.
- On 18 November, the suspected lead operative of the attacks, Abdelhamid Abaaoud, was killed in a police raid in Saint-Denis, along with at least two other people.
- France had been on high alert since the January 2015 attacks in Paris that killed 17 people, including civilians and police officers.
COP21 Paris Climate Conference
- 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Paris, France, from 30 November to 12 December 2015.
- It was the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
- Various World leaders met in Paris with an ambitious goal to create a binding, universal agreement on climate change.
- According to the organizing committee at the outset of the talks,the expected key result was an agreement to set a goal of limiting global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.
- The agreement calls for zero net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions to be reached during the second half of the 21st century.
Floods in South-India
- Monstrous and non-stop rainfall left South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh deluged with flooding homes, schools and businesses and killing more than 400 people and over18 lakh people were displaced.
- The city of Chennai was particularly ravaged with floods which killed more than 270 people and halted the daily life of the city.
- The whole world grieved on the incident that ravaged South India.
- The NDRF, the Coast Guard and the three other branches of the Indian Armed Forces were called for evacuation.
- Many relief efforts were made by the state and center government.
Star Wars Latest Edition
- Much awaited Star Wars movie released in 2015 and was well received by critics and fans all across the globe.
- Star Wars: The Force Awakens first official trailer was released in October and was reported one of the most-viewed movie trailers of all time.
- The epic space opera film is directed, co-produced, and co-written by J. J. Abrams.
- It is the seventh installment in the main Star Wars film series.
- Movie has broken many box office records, including the highest-grossing worldwide opening of all time and the fastest film to reach $1 billion.