The threat of global warming is looming large over the world but the coastal areas of Pacific South and South East Asia will be worst sufferers due to rise in level of water in coastal areas by 2050, says a United Nations report. Even now a lot of flooding and cyclones are hitting the coastal areas and affecting population all over the region.
But in 30-35 years time, occurrence of these disasters would be quite frequent in coastal areas which would put all the population of these areas at greater risks.
According to a UN report nearly 40 million Indians will be at risk from rising sea levels by 2050. People in Kolkata and Mumbai having exposure to coastal flooding in future due to rapid urbanization and economic growth.
The assessment report of Global Environmental outlook (Geo-6) also validate the UN report by further stating that ten most vulnerable countries worldwide are in Asia-Pacific region. 40 million people from India, 25 million from Bangladesh, 20 million from China and 10 million people from Philippines would be affected straight away by rising sea level by 2050.
Such a large coastal population would be at the mercy of nature’s fury if the environmental issues would not be taken up seriously by all the countries of the World especially the developed countries who are far more responsible for this precarious condition, we are in today.
Widespread Industrialization and excessive urbanization have put a lot of pressure on climate by contributing in increment of average global temperature. Soaring global temperature is exerting pressure on polar ice sheets which eventually giving way to rise in water level in coastal areas or in other words expansion of oceans and seas by erosion of coastal land masses.
Rising water level not only eats up land and cause floods but this also contaminate ground water sources, affect the fertility of soil leading to losses in agriculture and can cause extinction of area specific flora and fauna. In other words the ecological balance of these places would be in complete disarray.
We ourselves are putting the future of upcoming generations in jeopardy by neglecting environmental issues to such an extent. If we didn’t pay immediate and required attention to these already pending issues, we wouldn’t be left with not many options but to face the excesses of nature in form of frequent cyclones and floods and sudden rise in water levels leading to large scale devastation and mass migration in future in coastal regions of the world.
Source: THE TIMES OF INDIA